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Title: A controlled deflection routing and wavelength assignment based scheme in Optical Burst Switched (OBS) networks
Authors: Nleya, Bakhe
Khumalo, Zephaniah Philani
Mutsvangwa, Andrew
Keywords: Contention;Contention resolution;Deflection route;Deflection routing;Jitter;Optical Burst Switching
Issue Date: 5-Jul-2020
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Source: Bakhe, N., Khumalo, P., Mutsvangwa, A. 2020. A controlled deflection routing and wavelength assignment based scheme in Optical Burst Switched (OBS) networks. Journal of Optical Communications. doi:10.1515/joc-2019-0017
Journal: Journal of Optical Communications; Vol. 0, Issue 0 
Abstract - Heterogeneous IoT-enabled networks generally accommodate both jitter tolerant and intolerant traffic. Optical Burst Switched (OBS) backbone networks handle the resultant volumes of such traffic by transmitting it in huge size chunks called bursts. Because of the lack of or limited buffering capabilities within the core network, burst contentions may frequently occur and thus affect overall supportable quality of service (QoS). Burst contention(s) in the core network is generally characterized by frequent burst losses as well as differential delays especially when traffic levels surge. Burst contention can be resolved in the core network by way of partial buffering using fiber delay lines (FDLs), wavelength conversion using wavelength converters (WCs) or deflection routing. In this paper, we assume that burst contention is resolved by way of deflecting contending bursts to other less congested paths even though this may lead to differential delays incurred by bursts as they traverse the network. This will contribute to undesirable jitter that may ultimately compromise overall QoS. Noting that jitter is mostly caused by deflection routing which itself is a result of poor wavelength and routing assigning, the paper proposes a controlled deflection routing (CDR) and wavelength assignment based scheme that allows the deflection of bursts to alternate paths only after controller buffer preset thresholds are surpassed. In this way, bursts (or burst fragments) intended for a common destination are always most likely to be routed on the same or least cost path end-to-end. We describe the scheme as well as compare its performance to other existing approaches. Overall, both analytical and simulation results show that the proposed scheme does lower both congestion (on deflection routes) as well as jitter, thus also improving throughput as well as avoiding congestion on deflection paths.
ISSN: 0173-4911
2191-6322 (Online)
DOI: 10.1515/joc-2019-0017
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Engineering and Built Environment)

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