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Title: A comparison of symptoms derived from a C4 trituration and the materia medica of an existing, well-proven homoeopathic remedy
Authors: Goote, Chryso 
Issue Date: 2011
C4 trituration provings are a somewhat controversial method of uncovering the
therapeutic value of homoeopathic remedies. The key advantage of this method over
traditional proving methods is that a substance can be proved in a matter of hours,
rather than weeks or months. However there is a lack of research to show whether
the results of the two methods are comparable.
The aim of this study is to establish whether symptoms elicited in a C4 trituration
proving are comparable to symptoms produced in traditional provings of the same
substance. If a similarity can be demonstrated – even on a single substance – it may
encourage further studies to determine the extent to which C4 provings can be used
in association with, or instead of, traditional provings as a means of developing
homoeopathic remedies.
Ten triturators were recruited from an existing group of experienced triturators to
prove an unknown substance. Data were harvested from debriefing sessions and from
notes kept by triturators during the sessions, and these were transcribed and
converted to rubrics. An unprejudiced repertorisation was undertaken in an
(unsuccessful) attempt to identify the substance before unblinding.
After the substance was revealed to be Borax, the rubrics from the C4 proving were
statistically compared to rubrics associated with Borax in Radar 9.0, the electronic
version of the repertory Synthesis: Repertorium Homoeopathicum Syntheticum
(2004), which reflects traditional provings of this substance. The statistical
comparison of rubrics was performed in SPSS; a Pearson Chi-Square test was
applied to establish statistical significance; and a Cramer's V test was used to
determine the strength of that association.
The comparison failed to find a significant correlation between the rubrics from the
C4 proving of Borax and traditional provings of the same substance. At a chapter
level, there were significant associations between symptoms relating to Hearing and
Kidneys but, for reasons discussed at length in the report, these results must be
treated with circumspection.
While C4 provings are faster than the traditional method, as refined by Sherr, in view
of the above findings it cannot be recommended that C4 provings be considered as a
means of developing homoeopathic remedies instead of traditional provings, because
C4 provings would not produce a complete symptom picture.
Recommendations arising from the study include that the exercise should be repeated
with a different substance and group of provers, preferably with confidential
debriefing of participants (as opposed to group debriefing, which is the norm for C4
provings), to verify these findings.
Dissertation submitted in partial compliance with the requirements for the Master's Degree in Technology: Homoeopathy, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2011.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Health Sciences)

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