Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Enhanced production of inulinase from Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli
Authors: Naidoo, Kameshnee 
Issue Date: 2010
Xanthomonas campestris pv phaseoli produced an extracellular endoinulinase on various carbon sources. The highest inulinase production of 9.24 ± 0.03 IU ml¯¹by X. campestris pv. phaseoli was attained using an optimized medium comprising of 3% sucrose and 2.5% tryptone. Inulinase production in X. campestris pv. phaseoli was further enhanced through ethylmethanesulfonate mutagenesis. The resulting mutant, X. campestris pv. phaseoli KM 24 demonstrated enhanced inulinase production of 22.09 ± 0.03 IU ml¯¹after 24 h, which was 2.4 – fold higher than that of the wild type. Inulinase production by this mutant was scaled up in a 5 L fermenter yielding a final activity of 21.87 ± 0.03 IU ml¯¹with an inulinase/invertase (I/S) ratio of 2.6 after 18 h. Maximum volumetric (21 865 IU 1¯¹ h¯¹) and specific (119 025 IU g¯¹ h¯¹) productivities of inulinase were attained in a fermenter after 18h growth. Inulin hydrolysis by the crude inulinase and subsequent detection of mono- and oligosaccharides indicated the presence of an endoinulinase. The extracellular endoinulinase from the mutant KM 24 was purified to homogeneity by gel filtration chromatography and had a specific activity of 174.74U/mg. the optimum pH and temperature of the purified enzyme were found to be 6.0 and 50°C, respectively. The enzyme was stable up to 60°C, retaining over 60% activity for 30 min, but activity rapidly declined at temperatures above 60°C. The pure inulinase enzyme was also found to be stable between pH 6-9. The Lineweaver-Burk plots showed that the apparent Km and Vmax values of the inulinase for inulin were 1.15 mg/ml and 15µM/min, respectively. The Kcat value was found to be 0.145 min¯¹ with an enzyme catalytic efficiency of 0.126 mg¯¹.ml.min¯¹.This mutant demonstrated good potential for large scale production of inulinase and fructooligosaccharides.
Submitted in complete fulfilment for the Degree of Master of Technology: Biotechnology, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2010.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Applied Sciences)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
Naidoo_2010.pdf4.08 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
Show full item record

Page view(s) 20

checked on Jul 17, 2024

Download(s) 20

checked on Jul 17, 2024

Google ScholarTM




Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.