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|Title:||A framework for the facilitation of community-based tourism in natural environments : a case of the Save Valley in Zimbabwe||Authors:||Maruta, Albert Tavavarigwa||Keywords:||Community-based tourism;National tourism development;Natural environment||Issue Date:||2019||Abstract:||
In Zimbabwe, because of the lack of a clear facilitation framework, very little effort
has been made in recent years by tourism authorities in the country to make
community-based tourism (CBT) part of the national tourism growth agenda. Yet
globally, within the general tourism sector CBT is becoming increasingly relevant in
LEDCs because it fosters poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation.
Underpinned by the participation and power redistribution theory (Arnstein, 1969)
this study aimed at developing a framework of collaboration and participation of all
stakeholders for facilitating CBT in Save Valley as a strategy to reduce poverty in
local communities while also promoting sustainable wildlife conservation.
The study adopted mixed methods as a distinct research approach, which combines
both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The research adopted a
two-phase sequential exploratory research design, which involved the collection and
analysis of qualitative data from in-depth interviews followed by the collection and
analysis of quantitative data from questionnaire-based surveys.
The research results showed greater preference for vegetable outgrowing by female
household heads who, incidentally, were less educated and poorly resourced than
male household heads who had a wider variety of preferences such as handicrafts
and cultural performances, wildlife conservation, and accommodation SMMEs such
homestays, lodges or bed and breakfast were the preferred CBT ventures. There
was gender consensus in the composition of CBOs and duties. Critical challenges
for prospective local CBT entrepreneurs according to education levels of
participants included lack of economic variables such as market, capital or
technology, and managerial and other requisite skills, human-animal conflict, and
land invasions by peasants.
The research results also demonstrated that through the poly-centric CBT facilitation
framework, advanced as original contribution, CBOs in collaboration with powerful
and highly resourced external facilitators would encourage the local community residents of Save Valley to gain legitimate bargaining power during decision making
because the CBO would act as an organised power base in the community.
The study recommends that outreach programmes that have long been
contemplated as a way of transmitting tourism benefits from SVC to local community
residents should be transformed into CBT projects to bring about community
participation in tourism by adopting the polycentric CBT framework developed as
original contribution of this study. This may be the only sure strategy for achieving
the twin objectives of community participation and beneficiation while promoting
wildlife conservation in Save Valley in Zimbabwe.
A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in MANAGEMENT SCIENCES (Hospitality and Tourism), Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2019.
|Appears in Collections:||Theses and dissertations (Management Sciences)|
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