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Title: A ciritical deconstruction of political discource and symbols : the case of (mis)representation and manipulation in Nigerian politics
Authors: Oparinde, 'Kunle Musbaudeen 
Issue Date: 2018
Using Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and Multimodal Discourse
Analysis (MDA), this study deconstructs political discourse obtained from
the Nigerian political arena. Employing a qualitative research method,
where a case-study design is engaged, the study examines linguistic
(mis)representation and manipulation in Nigerian political settings, drawing
from instances of linguistic and symbolic materials, as observed from
different political endeavours. The study discusses the use of language in
Nigerian politics, in an attempt to understand how discourse and symbols
are used to manipulate the masses, as well as (mis)represent the
I investigate how language is used by politicians to gain more audience,
and, as a result, shape opinions that result in votes. Several themes were
developed in the analysis. Important themes are represented in a Wordle
analysis. The Wordle analysis presents actual keywords that emanated
from the scrutinising of collected data. Linguistic items, such as corruption,
Boko Haram, insecurity, power, and support, as well as fight, and God
among others, are evident in the Wordle representation.
The study realized that manipulation in political discourse could be
achieved through different means, such as: through service delivery;
religion; situation of the nation; and crafty linguistic expressions; along with
ethnic influence; and visuals. Furthermore, the research identified the
notion of intertextuality as having a strong hold in political discourse through
resemiotisation, repurposing, recontextualisation and recycling of texts. I
confirmed that power resides within discourse and as such, discourse can
be used to achieve several goals. The work demonstrated how politicians
exploit political messages to achieve their political aims using both lexical
and visual means.
I strongly contend that discourse is powerful, and thus, has the ability to
exploit and influence people. Importantly, the study proposed a theoretical
model or framework for the analysis of misrepresentation and manipulation
in political discourse, as well as other forms of discourse.
Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of degree of Doctor
of Philosophy: Language Practice, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2018.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Arts and Design)

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