Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10321/2974
Title: Economic costs of patients attending the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) services in Ethiopia : urban-rural setting
Authors: Zegeye, Elias Asfaw 
Mbonigaba, Josue 
Kaye, Sylvia Blanche 
Keywords: Economic cost;Patient cost;Direct medical costs;Direct non-medical costs;PMTCT Service
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Danubius University
Source: Zegeye, E.A. 2016. Economic costs of patients attending the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) services in Ethiopia : urban-rural settings. Acta Universitatis Danubius : Economica. 12(4): 191-207.
Journal: Acta Universitatis Danubius. Oeconomica (Print) 
Abstract: 
Economic analyses of patients’ costs are pertinent to improve effective healthcare services including the prevention of mother-to-child HIV/AIDS transmission (PMTCT). This study assessed the direct and non-direct medical costs borne by pregnant women attending PMTCT services in urban (high-HIV prevalence) and rural (low-HIV prevalence) settings, in Ethiopia. Patient-level direct medical costs and direct non-medical data were collected from HIV-positive pregnant women in six regions. The cost estimation was classified as direct medical (service fee, drugs and laboratory) and direct non-medical (food, transportation and accommodation). The mean direct medical expense per patient per year was Ethiopian birr (ETB) 746 (US$ 38) in the urban settings, as compared to ETB 368 (US$ 19) in the rural settings. On average, a pregnant woman from urban and rural catchments incurred direct non-medical costs of ETB 6,435 (US$ 327) and ETB 2,154 (US$ 110) per year, respectively. On average, non-medical costs of friend/relative/guardian were ETB 2,595 (US$ 132) and ETB 2,919 (US$ 148.39) in the urban and rural settings, respectively. Although the PMTCT service is provided free of charge, HIV-positive pregnant women and infant pairs still face a substantial amount of out-of-pocket spending due to direct medical and non-medical costs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/2974
ISSN: 2065-0175
DOI: https://doi.org/10.51415/10321/2974
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Management Sciences)

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