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Title: Industrial application of ionic liquids for the recoveries of spent paint solvent
Authors: Moodley, Kandasamy 
Mabaso, Mbongeni Hezekia 
Bahadur, Indra 
Redhi, Gan G. 
Keywords: Synthesis;Ionic liquid;Extraction;Aromatic solvents;Spent paint organic solvents
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Moodley, K. et al. 2016. Industrial application of ionic liquids for the recoveries of spent paint solvent. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 219: 206-210. []
The recovery of industrially valuable organic solvents from liquid waste, generated in chemical processes, is economically crucial to countries which need to import organic solvents. In view of this, the main objective of this study was to determine the ability of selected ionic liquids, namely, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulphate, [EMIM][ESO4] and 1-ethyl-3-methylpyridinium ethylsulphate, [EMpy][ESO4] to recover aromatic components from spent paint solvents. Preliminary studies done on the liquid waste, received from a paint manufacturing company, showed that the aromatic components were present in the range of (6–21)% by volume. The separation of the aromatic components was performed with the ionic liquids listed above. The phases, resulting from the separation of the mixtures, were analysed with a gas chromatograph (GC) coupled to a FID detector. Chromatograms illustrate that the chosen ZB-Wax-Plus column gave excellent separation of all components of interest from the mixtures, including the isomers of xylene. The concentrations of aromatics recovered from the spent solvents were found to be in the % ranges of (13 − 33) and (23–49), respectively for imidazolium and pyridinium based ionic liquids. These results also show that there is a significant correlation between π-character of ionic liquids and the level of extraction. It is therefore concluded that ionic liquids have the potential for macro-scale recovery of re-useable solvents present in liquid waste emanating from paint manufacture.
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Applied Sciences)

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