Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10321/2627
Title: Investigation of BTEX compounds adsorption onto polystyrenic resin
Authors: Makhathini, Thobeka Pearl 
Rathilal, Sudesh 
Keywords: Adsorption;Polystyrenic resin;Isotherm;BTEX
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Institution of Chemical Engineers
Source: Makhathini, T.P. and Rathilal, S. 2017. Investigation of BTEX compounds adsorption onto polystyrenic resin. South African Journal of Chemical Engineering. 23: 71-80.
Journal: South African journal of chemical engineering 
Abstract: 
In this study, the adsorptive capacity of polystyrenic resin was evaluated for the removal of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and isomers of xylene (BTEX) from an aqueous solution. Batch studies were performed to evaluate the effects of various experimental parameters such as mixing strength, contact time, internal diffusion, adsorbates and initial concentration on the removal of the BTEX compounds. The equilibrium isotherms for the adsorption of the adsorbates on the PAD 910 polystyrenic resin were analyzed by the Langmuir and linearized Dubinin–Radushkevich models at pH of 5.86. The Langmuir model fitted the data adequately; is concluded that the latter is the most practical model in representing the adsorption of aromatic compounds. The Langmuir model indicated that resin has the highest adsorption capacity of 79.44 mg/g. At temperature of 25 °C, resin was found to adsorb 98% of benzene, 88% of toluene, 59% of ethylbenzene, 84% m-;p-xylene and 90% o-xylene at an initial concentration of 14.47 mg/l. The pseudo-second order rate model fitted better to the adsorption kinetics. The thermodynamic analysis resulted in a negative equilibrium enthalpy change suggesting an exothermic process.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/2627
ISSN: 1026-9185
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajce.2017.03.001
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Engineering and Built Environment)

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