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Title: The efficacy of an instructional model on the quality of teaching and learning using assessment
Authors: Mohapi, Mogapi Jeremia 
Issue Date: 2017
The key aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the student-centric Integrated Teaching and Learning Model Using Assessment (ITLMUA) to enhance the effectiveness, efficiency and quality of student learning and teaching in a Clinical Technology programme. The ITLMUA provides a pragmatic theoretical framework for developing and enhancing perceptions and conceptions of pedagogics and associated educational and psychological theories, particulary assessment information to review, reflect and improve educational constructs of teaching, learning, assessment and educational research. The efficacy of ITLMUA uses effectiveness, usability and participants’ satisfaction as the key criteria in evaluating the impact of ITLMUA on the quality of student learning. The ITLMUA’s efficacy is judged in terms of participants finding it academically beneficial, valuable, suitable, useful and meaningful to instructional strategies and practices in higher education (HE).

The motivation for the study is premise on lecturers’ adherence to conventional instructional strategies and practices and lack of instructional model that guides and measures the effectiveness and the quality of student learning and teaching. Increased workloads and superfluity of academic gatherings are some of the factors that exacerbate adherence to conventional instructional practices, including lack of academic qualification to understand the princples of educational practice in HE.

This study promote and encourage integrated, authentic, dynamic and innovative instructional practices that demonstrate theoretical interest and practical relevance, such as active learning (AL) that is underpinned by learning theories and pedagogical principles. Furthermore, the study analyzed and identified some of the implementation challenges in introducing the integrated instructional model in a conventional learning environment in order to justify how and why it is imperative to adopt an integrated performance-based instructional model in the face-to-face (F2F) learning environment. The study proposed to provide an instrument that can be utilized to enhance the quality of student learning and teaching. The integrated instructional model can assist lecturers to reflect on their pedagogical practices with the intention of enhancing their subsequent pedagogical practices and strategies. The theoretical and conceptual framework of ITLMUA offered the lecturers an opportunity to integrate conventional and contemporary instructional practices. These frameworks have previously been underpinned by learning theories and pedagogical principles to enhance the quality of learning and teaching.

Design-based research (DBR) methodology was utilized as it offered a systematic, flexible methodology that is theory-driven, and involves contextually-sensitive design principles and theories of the learning environment. It also offers the opportunity to review and redesign the ITLMUA as the research process develops, and new theoretical and conceptual framework information emerges. In addition, the DBR integrates research, design and practice into a single useful process which results into a usable product that is supported by a theoretical framework. Active learning is one of the teaching strategies that is supported and promoted by this study to improve quality learning and teaching in order for students to comply with and satisfy the academic quality standards and learning outcomes expected of them. This is can be achieved through meaningful engagement and active involvement in academic activities that promote critical analytical skills and competencies through collaborative and cooperative learning, and within a structured, supportive and facilitated learning environment. The learning environment should be characterized by student-centered and lecturer-facilitated instructional practices such as active learning teaching strategies. To enhance the quality of learning and teaching, lecturers attempt to match and modify their teaching strategies to accommodate the wide range of students in their classes, all of whom have different needs and expectations.

Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to gather data. Data analysis techniques included content analysis, the constant comparative method, factor analysis (FA) to reduce data in order to correlate and relate variables to components. Cronbach’s alpha was used to determine reliability of items. The study has demonstrated the utility, usability and efficacy of the ITLMUA as indicated, in the main, by participants’ satisfaction with the instructional model. The study reports on some of the enablers and barriers in the implementation and evaluation of the integrated instructional model and articulated the lessons that have been learned in this academic journey.
Submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the Doctor of Philosophy: Clinical Technology, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2017.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Health Sciences)

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