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Title: The efficacy of combined diclofenac therapy and spinal manipulation compared to combined placebo therapy and spinal manipulation in the treatment of mechanical low back pain
Authors: White, Powan Harvey
Issue Date: 2001
There are many non-surgical treatments that are available to patients with low back pain but few have been proven effective in controlled clinical trials. Arguably, the treatments with the greatest evidence for efficacy are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), some muscle relaxants and spinal manipulation (Deyo et al.(1983) and Shekelle et al.(1992). Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs are the most widely used agents for musculoskeletal pain and inflammation. The widespread use of NSAIDs augments the impact not only of their benefits but also the risk of their adverse effects. The effectiveness of chiropractic management is now firmly established for most patients with acute and chronic low-back pain (Koes et aI.1996). The purpose of this study was to determine the relative efficacy of combined diclofenac sodium therapy and spinal manipulation compared to combined placebo therapy and spinal manipulation in the treatment of mechanical low back pain. Sixty subjects were selected and randomly divided into two groups of thirty subjects. Subjects were treated four times over a two-week period, including a diclofenac or placebo medication course, taken three times daily for five days, starting from the first consultation. The results of the Numerical Pain Rating Scale-101, Revised Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire, Orthopaedic Rating Scale and Algometer readings were taken before the first, third and fourth consultations. The statistical tests used were the parametric two-sample unpaired t-tests and the paired t-tests, and the nonparametric intra-group Friedman test, multiple comparison procedure, Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test and the inter-group Mann Whitney U-test at the 95% level of significance using the SPSS statistical package. There was a statistically significant improvement in both treatment groups for both subjective and objective clinical findings, suggesting that spinal manipulation combined with either an NSAID or placebo medication will ultimately give relief to a patient suffering from lower back pain. The conclusions
A dissertation presented in partial compliance with the requirements for the Master's Degree in Technology: Chiropractic, Technikon Natal, Durban, South Africa, 2001.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Health Sciences)

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