Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/459
Title: Excess molar volumes, partial molar volumes and isentropic compressibilities of binary systems (ionic liquid + alkanol)
Authors: Sibiya, Precious N.
Keywords: Ionic solutions;Molecular volume;Alcohols;Chemistry, Physical and theoretical;Volumetric analysis
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: The thermodynamic properties of binary liquid mixtures involving ionic liquids (ILs) with alcohols were determined. ILs are an important class of solvents since they are being investigated as environmentally benign solvents, because of their negligible vapour pressure, and as potential replacement solvents for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) currently used in industries. Alcohols were chosen for this study because they have hydrogen bonding and their interaction with ILs will help in understanding the intermolecular interactions. Also, their thermodynamic properties are used for the development of specific chemical processes. The excess molar volumes of binary mixtures of {1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate + methanol or 1-propanol or 2-propanol}, {trioctylmethylammonium bis (trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl) imide + methanol or ethanol or 1-propanol}, {1-buty-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate + methanol or ethanol or 1-propanol} were calculated from experimental density values, at T = (298.15, 303.15 and 313.15) K. The Redlich-Kister smoothing polynomial was fitted to the excess molar volume data. The partial molar volumes of the binary mixtures {1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ethylsulfate + methanol or 1-propanol or 2-propanol}, {trioctylmethylammonium bis (trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl) imide + methanol or ethanol or 1-propanol}, {1-buty-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate + methanol or ethanol or 1-propanol} were calculated from the Redlich-Kister coefficients, at T = (298.15, 303.15 and 313.15) K. This information was used to better understand the intermolecular interactions with each solvent at infinite dilution. iii The isentropic compressibility of {trioctylmethylammonium bis (trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl) imide + methanol or ethanol or 1-propanol}, were calculated from the speed of sound data at T = 298.15 K.
Description: Submitted in fulfillment of the academic requirements for the Masters Degree in Technology: Chemistry, Durban University of Technology, 2008.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/459
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Applied Sciences)

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