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Title: Knowledge, attitude and practices of sharps waste disposal by diabetic patients at home settings in uMzinyathi District Municipality
Authors: Ziqubu, Lihle Nomfundo 
Keywords: Sharps waste;Diabetic patients;Knowledge;Attitude and practices;Home settings
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2020
Sharps waste is one of the categories of hazardous waste which must be properly managed.
Sharps waste is hazardous and it should be disposed of in a proper manner. This waste has an
ability to transmit diseases, as well as create a negative impact on the environment. The disposal
of sharps waste generated in the community has been recognised as an area of public concern.
There is a gap in proper disposal of sharps waste among diabetic patients in the home setting.
Diabetic patients dispose of their sharps waste in different ways, but mainly in general waste.
Umzinyathi District Municipality has semi-urban and rural areas with four sub-districts, namely,
Nquthu, Endumeni, Umsinga and Umvoti. Umzinyathi District Mucipality has a substantial number
of diabetic patients who are on insulin and who inject themselves at home. This study aims to
describe the knowledge, attitude and practices on sharps waste disposal by diabetic patients at
A quantitative, descriptive cross sectional study was used to investigate knowledge, attitude and
practices on sharps waste disposal by diabetic patients at UMzinyathi District Municipality. A selfadministered questionnaire was used to collect data. A convenience consecutive sampling was
used to sample respondents. A total number of 308 insulin-dependent diabetic patients from
selected health facilities of UMzinyathi District Municipality, filled in the questionnaires.
A majority of respondents n=149 (48.4%) disposed of their sharps waste in a toilet, while n=92
(29.8%) disposed of their sharps waste in general waste. Amongst those who responded, the
majority n=193 (62.3%) were not educated on disposal of sharps waste; they had moderate
knowledge of proper disposal of sharps waste. Most of the respondents practiced improper
disposal of sharps waste.
Generally, the majority of the respondents n=193 (62.3%) lacked knowledge of safe and effective
disposal of sharps waste. They were not educated in this regard, which had a negative influence
on how they disposed of sharps waste. There are serious concerns regarding current practices
of sharps waste disposal by diabetic patients at home.
Dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for Master of Health Sciences in the Department of Community Health Studies-Environmental Health at the Durban University of Technology, 2020.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Health Sciences)

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