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Title: Nanocluster formation in Co/Fe implanted ZnO
Authors: Bharuth-Ram, Krish 
Masenda, Hilary 
Doyle, Terence B. 
Geburt, S. 
Ronning, C. 
Keywords: ZnO · Co/Fe implantation;Nanoclusters
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Springer International Publishing Switzerland
Source: Bharuth-Ram, K. et al. 2015. Nanocluster formation in Co/Fe implanted ZnO. Hyperfine Interact. 230: 181–186.
Journal: Hyperfine interactions (Dordrecht. Online) 
Conversion electron M¨ossbauer Spectroscopy (CEMS) measurements were made on a ZnO single crystal sample implanted at room temperature (RT) with of 145 and 345 keV 59Co ions with respective fluences of 1.15 × 1016 ions/cm2 and 4.17 × 1016 ions/cm2, followed by implantation of 60 keV 57Fe to a fluence of 0.50 × 1016/cm2 to yield a ‘box-shaped’ implantation profile with a Co + Fe concentration of about 3.2 at. %. CEM spectra were collected after annealing the sample up to 973 K. The spectra after annealing up to 973 K are similar to spectra observed in other CEMS studies on Fe implanted ZnO, but show a dramatic change after the 973 K annealing step; it is dominated by a doublet component with fit parameters typical of Fe3+. Magnetization curves of the sample after the 973 K anneal show hysteresis, with a small residual magnetization at RT that increases at 4 K. The saturation magnetization at 4 K was approximately 0.33 μB/CoFe ion, in good agreement with observations for 5–8 nm sized Co nanoclusters in ZnO.
ISSN: 0304-3843 (print)
1572-9540 (online)
DOI: 10.1007/s10751-014-1098-4
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Applied Sciences)

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