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Title: Biosynthesis of palladium nanoparticles by using Moringa oleifera flower extract and their catalytic and biological properties
Authors: Anand, Krishnan 
Tiloke, Charlette 
Phulukdaree, Alisa 
Ranjan, B. 
Chuturgoon, Anil A. 
Singh, S. 
Gengan, Robert Moonsamy 
Keywords: Moringa oleifera;p-Nitrophenol;PdNPs;A549 cells;Suzuki reaction
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Anand, K. et al. 2016. Biosynthesis of palladium nanoparticles by using Moringa oleifera flower extract and their catalytic and biological properties. Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology. 165: 87-95.
Journal: Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology (Online) 
The biosynthesis of nanostructured biopalladium nanoparticles (PdNPs) from an aqueous solution of crystalline palladium acetate is reported. For the synthesised PdNPs in solution, an agroforest biomass waste petal of Moringa oleifera derived bis-phthalate was used as natural reducing and biocapping agents. Continuous absorp-tion in the UV region and subsequent brown colour change confirmed the formation of PdNPs. A strong surface plasmon peak for PdNPs occurred at 460 nm. PdNPs were characterized by SEM with EDX, FTIR, TEM and DLS. The chemical composition of the aqueous extract was determined by GC–MS coupled with FTIR and 1NMR. The cat-alytic degradation effect by PdNPs on industrial organic toxic effluents p-nitrophenol (PNP) and methylene blue dye was monitored by UV Spectroscopy. On the other hand PdNPs catalysed the base mediated suzuki coupling reaction for biphenyl synthesis, in water. Moreover, PdNPs were found to be reusable catalysts. Toxicity studies of PdNPs showed that the death of brine shrimp to be b50%. Therefore, PdNPs displayed potential for further anti-cancer studies via tumour cell lines. The in vitro cytotoxicity evaluation of the extract capped nanoparticles was carried out using human lung carcinoma cells (A549) and peripheral lymphocytes normal cells by MTT cell via-bility assay. Also, PdNPs showed antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis among the different tested strains, including Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Esherichia coli and Candida albicans, Candida utilis.
ISSN: 1011-1344 (print)
1873-2682 (online)
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Applied Sciences)

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