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Title: Factors influencing the uptake of long acting reversible contraceptives among women at primary health clinics in eThekwini District
Authors: Nhlumayo, Virginia Tholakele 
Issue Date: May-2017
Abstract: Background. Unintended pregnancy is a major global challenge among sexually active women of childbearing age. Non-use of modern contraception and inconsistent use of short term contraceptive methods are the main reasons associated with unintended pregnancy. Long acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) have proven to be highly effective with good continuation rates, and are cost-effective compared to other methods, when used more than one year. However, there is low uptake of LARC methods globally and in South Africa. Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to determine factors influencing the uptake of LARC methods among women at the primary health care (PHC) clinics in eThekwini District. Methodology. A quantitative, descriptive survey was used in this study. Purposive sampling of six fixed PHC clinics from the three sub-districts was done. Convenience sampling resulted in 371 participants. A survey questionnaire in English and isiZulu was used to collect data. Data was analysed using SPSS version 23.0. Inferential statistics were used to determine the relationship between the variables. Results. The results of this study revealed that the contraceptive injection was most common LARC used, and the least used method was the intrauterine contraceptive device. The side effects were the main reasons for discontinuation with LARCs and all other contraceptive methods. Irregular vaginal bleeding was the main side effect cited by respondents associated with contraceptive implant usage. The respondents had positive attitudes and perceptions towards LARCs; however, the majority of respondents were not interested in using LARC methods. Common myths and misconceptions were not negatively associated with LARCs, since respondents disagreed with them all.
Description: Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Health Sciences in Nursing, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2017.
Appears in Collections:Theses and dissertations (Health Sciences)

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