Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10321/871
Title: Nutritional status and food intake data on children and adolescents in residential care facilities in Durban
Authors: Grobbelaar, Hendrina Helena 
Oldewage-Theron, Wilna 
Keywords: Food intake data;Adolescents;Residential care facilities
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Health and Medical Publications Group (HMPG)
Source: Grobbelaar, H., Napier, C., Oldewage-Theron, W. Nutritional status and food intake data on children and adolescentsin residential care facilities in Durban. 2013. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 26 (1). 29-36
Abstract: 
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine growth indicators and dietary intake patterns of children aged 4-18 years residing in
residential care facilities in Durban.
Method: Thirty-three girls and 110 boys, aged 5-18 years, in three different children’s homes participated in the study. Anthropometric
measurements included weight and height and were analysed using the World Health Organization’s AnthroPlus® version 1.0.2 statistical
software. The seven-day-cycle menus were analysed for nutrient and energy intake using the FoodFinder® version 3 software programme.
Daily nutrient intakes were reported as means and standard deviations, and comparisons were made with the dietary reference intakes for
specific age groups. Average served portion sizes were established by plate waste studies and observation.
Results: The results showed that stunting and overweight were prevalent in this group. 4.7% of the boys aged 4-8 years and 3.3% of the boys
aged 14-18 years were severely stunted. 13.3% of the girls aged 9-13 years and 20% of the girls aged 14-18 years were stunted. The body
mass index for age reported that a small number (6.7% of the girls aged 9-13 years and 3.3% of the boys aged 14-18 years) were wasted. The
results also showed that 33.3% of the girls aged 4-8 years and 33.4% of the girls aged 9-13 years were at risk of being overweight. 26.7%
of the girls aged 14-18 years were overweight (> + 2 standard deviations). Most of the children in the 4-8 age group (83.3% of the boys and
100% of the girls) fell in the normal range for weight for age, while only one boy was underweight. One hundred per cent or more of the dietary
reference intakes for energy, protein, carbohydrate and most of the micronutrients were met, except for calcium and iodine. A low intake of
vitamin C among older boys and girls was reported. None of the groups met the recommended fibre intake.
Conclusion: The results indicated a need for the development and implementation of a comprehensive nutrition education programme for
both child care workers and children.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10321/871
DOI: 10.1080/16070658.2013.11734437
Appears in Collections:Research Publications (Systems Science)

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