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|Title:||Knowledge and attitudes about HIV infection and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in an urban, low income community in Durban, South Africa: Perspectives of residents and health care volunteers||Authors:||Ports, Katie A.
|Keywords:||AIDS;HIV Knowledge;HIV Transmission;PMTCT||Issue Date:||2016||Publisher:||AOSIS||Source:||Haffejee, F,; Ports, K. A. and Mosavel, M. Knowledge and attitudes about HIV infection and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in an urban, low income community in Durban, South Africa: Perspectives of residents and health care volunteers. Health SA Gesondheid. 21: 171-178.||Abstract:||Background: HIV prevalence is high among South African women of reproductive age and transmission of HIV from mothers to children is a concern. This study ascertained the level of knowledge about HIV infection and prevention, particularly prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) amongst South African women from a low income commu-nity. It also established the challenges in delivering HIV education from the perspectives of health care volunteers. Method: Female residents (n ¼ 67) from Kenneth Gardens, a low income community in Durban, South Africa were interviewed. In-depth semi-structured interviews were con-ducted with 12 health care volunteers who were either health care workers or residents who provided some form of social support in the community. Results: Themajority of respondents indicated that amother could transmit HIV to her child but were unable to specify how. Many women had general HIV/AIDS knowledge but were unable to identify essential prevention behaviours and were not very receptive to more information on HIV/AIDS. They were supportive of routine testing procedures and child bearing amongst HIV positive women. Health care volunteers indicated a need for a community clinic in the area. They also had limited knowledge of PMTCT and indicated that there was a need for more ed-ucation on HIV, particularly to encourage the youth and men to use preventative measures. Conclusion: Innovative ways to impart knowledge particularly of PMTCT and updated standards of practice are essential. It is important that the community understands how transmission occurs so that prevention can follow.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10321/1640||ISSN:||1025-9848|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Publications (Health Sciences)|
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